Two days before the Passover Feast, Tuesday the 12th of Nisan. Today Jesus and His disciples again return to Jerusalem. On the way, they pass by the fig tree which Jesus had cursed the day before and discover that it is withered from the roots up. The disciples are astonished at this, but Jesus tells them to just have faith and they can move mountains. Jesus teaches at the Temple area and there observes the widow giving her two “widow’s mites” as a tithe.
As Jesus and the disciples are leaving Jerusalem to return again to Bethany, they stop at the Mount of Olives where he gives what is known as the Olivet Discourse or Prophecy. He is explaining to His disciples what will occur during the end times, and is asked when all of this will occur. Jesus responds by saying: (Mathew 24:32-42) “Now learn the parable from the fig tree: when its branch has already become tender and puts forth its leaves, you know that summer is near; so, you too, when you see all these things, recognize that He is near, right at the door. Truly I say to you, this generation will not pass away until all these things take place. Heaven and earth will pass away, but My words will not pass away. But of that day and hour no one knows, not even the angels of heaven, nor the Son, but the Father alone. For the coming of the Son of Man will be just like the days of Noah. For as in those days before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noah entered the ark, and they did not understand until the flood came and took them all away; so will the coming of the Son of Man be. Then there will be two men in the field; one will be taken and one will be left. Two women will be grinding at the mill; one will be taken and one will be left. Therefore be on the alert, for you do not know which day your Lord is coming.”
The Fig Tree putting forth leaves is a prophecy from Jesus concerning the Nation of Israel being re-established in 1948, and within a generation the things concerning the end times would occur.
Mt.21, Mk.11, Lk 20
Three Days before the Passover Feast, Monday Nisan 11th. Jesus again spent the night in Bethany at the home of Simon the Leper and in the morning returned to Jerusalem. On the way He was hungry and found a fig tree with no fruit on it, at a time when it should have had fruit. Jesus cursed the fig tree saying “No longer shall there ever be any fruit from you.” The tree withered immediately. Mt.21, Mk.11, Lk.13:5-9
Israel is symbolized in the Old Testament by the Fig Tree or its fruit. Jesus is pronouncing the condemnation of Israel for their rejection of the Messiah, and therefore their failure to provide fruit when it indicated there should be fruit.
On this day Jesus goes to the Temple area and drives out the merchants and money-changers. Also during this time-frame, the Chief Priests were looking for some way to arrest and kill Jesus. Judas meets with the Chief Priests and agrees to betray Jesus to them for 30 pieces of silver. Jesus and His disciples leave Jerusalem and return to the home of Simon the Leper in Bethany for the night.
Hosea 9:10 …I saw your forefathers as the earliest fruit on the fig tree in its first season.
Joel 1:6-7 For a nation has invaded my land,
Mighty and without number;
Its teeth are the teeth of a lion,
And it has the fangs of a lioness.
It has made my vine a waste
And my fig tree splinters.
It has stripped them bare and cast them away;
Their branches have become white.
Four days before the Passover Feast, Sunday Nisan the 10th. Jesus was approaching Jerusalem. The previous days He had been in Bethany, eating dinner with Lazarus, Martha, and Mary at the home of Simon the Leper. It was then that Mary had taken costly perfume and anointed the feet of Jesus, wiping His feet with her hair.
He sent a couple of His disciples on ahead to find a colt tied up and bring it to Him to ride. Many Jews were in Jerusalem for the Passover, and when they heard Jesus was coming, they took palm branches and laid them in the street before Him, and shouted “Hosanna!” This was Palm Sunday, the 10th day of Nisan (the first month of the Jewish year). The whole household of Israel chose for themselves an unblemished male lamb for sacrifice on Passover on this day.
Mt.21, Mk.11, Lk.19, Jn.12
Exodus 12:3-5 Speak to all the congregation of Israel, saying, ‘On the tenth of this month they are each one to take a lamb for themselves, according to their fathers’ households, a lamb for each household… Your lamb shall be an unblemished male a year old; you may take it from the sheep or from the goats.
John 12:12-13 On the next day the large crowd who had come to the feast, when they heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem, took the branches of the palm trees and went out to meet Him, and began to shout, “Hosanna! Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord, even the King of Israel.”