Three Days before the Passover Feast, Monday Nisan 11th. Jesus again spent the night in Bethany at the home of Simon the Leper and in the morning returned to Jerusalem. On the way He was hungry and found a fig tree with no fruit on it, at a time when it should have had fruit. Jesus cursed the fig tree saying “No longer shall there ever be any fruit from you.” The tree withered immediately. Mt.21, Mk.11, Lk.13:5-9
Israel is symbolized in the Old Testament by the Fig Tree or its fruit. Jesus is pronouncing the condemnation of Israel for their rejection of the Messiah, and therefore their failure to provide fruit when it indicated there should be fruit.
On this day Jesus goes to the Temple area and drives out the merchants and money-changers. Also during this time-frame, the Chief Priests were looking for some way to arrest and kill Jesus. Judas meets with the Chief Priests and agrees to betray Jesus to them for 30 pieces of silver. Jesus and His disciples leave Jerusalem and return to the home of Simon the Leper in Bethany for the night.
Hosea 9:10 …I saw your forefathers as the earliest fruit on the fig tree in its first season.
Joel 1:6-7 For a nation has invaded my land,
Mighty and without number;
Its teeth are the teeth of a lion,
And it has the fangs of a lioness.
It has made my vine a waste
And my fig tree splinters.
It has stripped them bare and cast them away;
Their branches have become white.